Dr. Allama Iqbal
A world-renowned Islamic thinker.
Born on 09/11/18 in Sialkot, Punjab. His father’s name was Nur Mohammad, a religious man. His mother’s name is Imam Bibi. He was a Muslim poet, philosopher and politician of pre-partition India. His Persian and Urdu poetry is considered one of the best in modern literature. One of his famous philosophies is the formation of an independent state for the Muslims of India. This thought has played a role in the creation of the present state of Pakistan. His name is Mohammad Iqbal but he is better known as Allama Iqbal. He was also famous in Iran for his Persian creativity. He is known as Iqbal e Lahori in Iran.
Iqbal received recognition for his poetic talent from his teacher Sayyid Mir Hasan. Iqbal graduated from the Scottish Mission College in 1892. In the same year, he married Karim Bibi, the daughter of a Gujarati doctor. Iqbal’s three children were not born in this house.
In 1923, the British government honored him with the title of Knight.
Iqbal was proficient in both prose and verse. Allama Iqbal has written on various subjects. His first published poem is “Asrar e Khudi”. After its publication in 1915, there was a widespread response. But the followers of the Sufi sect strongly condemned this book, because Hafiz wrote 35 poems sharply criticizing Shirazi. The tension was so great that he left out 35 poems in the next edition.
Iqbal is regarded as a breakthrough among modern thinkers, he was tormented by the decline of the Muslim nation. He continues to look for the cause of the decline of the once world-conquering Muslim nation. Through poetry and philosophy, he guided the analysis and solution of the causes of that decline. He called upon the nation to unite under the banner of equality, friendship and world brotherhood, forgetting self-conflict and division.
He died on 21/04/1938.